Peeps at Many Lands: Sweden

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PEEPS AT MANY LANDS
SWEDEN


VOLUMES UNIFORM WITH THIS

PEEPS AT MANY LANDS AND CITIES
EACH CONTAINING 12 FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS IN COLOUR

AUSTRALIAGREECENEW ZEALAND
BELGIUMHOLLANDNORWAY
BERLINHOLY LANDPARIS
BURMAHUNGARYPORTUGAL
CANADAICELANDROME
CEYLONINDIARUSSIA
CHINAIRELANDSCOTLAND
CORSICAITALYSIAM
DENMARKJAMAICASOUTH AFRICA
EDINBURGHJAPANSOUTH SEAS
EGYPTKASHMIRSPAIN
ENGLANDKOREASWEDEN
FINLANDLONDONSWITZERLAND
FRANCEMOROCCOTURKEY
GERMANYNEW YORKWALES

PEEPS AT NATURE

WILD FLOWERS AND THEIR WONDERFUL WAYSBIRD LIFE OF THE SEASONS
BRITISH LAND MAMMALSTHE HEAVENS

PEEPS AT HISTORY

CANADAJAPAN
INDIASCOTLAND

PEEPS AT GREAT RAILWAYS

THE LONDON AND NORTH-WESTERN RAILWAYTHE NORTH-EASTERN AND GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAYS

PUBLISHED BY ADAM AND CHARLES BLACK
SOHO SQUARE, LONDON, W.

AGENTS

AMERICA. . . . . THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
64 & 66 Fifth Avenue, NEW YORK

AUSTRALASIA. . . . . OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
205 Flinders Lane, MELBOURNE

CANADA. . . . . THE MACMILLAN COMPANY OF CANADA, LTD.
St. Martin’s House, 70 Bond Street, TORONTO

INDIA. . . . . MACMILLAN & COMPANY, LTD.
Macmillan Building, BOMBAY
309 Bow Bazaar Street, CALCUTTA


Transcriber’s Notes

Author’s spelling, though often incorrect has been maintained.


PEEPS AT MANY LANDS

SWEDEN


A FLODA GIRL.

Anders Zorn.


PEEPS AT MANY LANDS

SWEDEN

WITH TWELVE FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS
IN COLOUR
BY
ANDERS ZORN, CARL LARSSON,
AND OTHERS

LONDON
ADAM AND CHARLES BLACK
1911


CONTENTS

CHAPTER PAGE
I.SWEDISH HISTORY1
II.GOTHENBURG10
III.A SUMMER HOLIDAY AT MARSTRAND15
IV.ACROSS SWEDEN BY WATER21
V.STOCKHOLM—I.26
VI.STOCKHOLM—II.31
VII.THE SWEDES AT WORK36
VIII.THE SWEDES AT PLAY40
IX.EDUCATION IN SWEDEN47
X.DALECARLIA52
XI.CUSTOMS57
XII.THE ISLAND OF GOTHLAND AND TOWN OF VISBY63
XIII.FAIRY-TALES69
XIV.JUL, OR CHRISTMAS75
XV.MIDSUMMER80
XVI.SOME WELL-KNOWN SWEDES84

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS


SKETCH-MAP OF SWEDEN.


SWEDEN


CHAPTER I
SWEDISH HISTORY

In one of the most beautiful and romantic districts of Sweden there is one of the oldest copper-mines in the world. It is situated at Falun in Dalecarlia. About 400 years ago a young man might have been seen looking into the open mine. He was full of thought and anxiety, for was not his country in the hands of the Danish King, Christian II., a cruel tyrant? and was not he himself being pursued and driven to seek concealment, as he was a direct descendant of the ancient Kings of Sweden? He had suffered much, but had never given up hope. He stood there thinking of his country’s down-trodden condition, hopeful, trustful, and resolute, resolving to deliver his native land from the foreign yoke. He remembered how the miners had fought in days of old for their country. He would rouse them so that they would do it again. He donned the peasant costume, and became as one of themselves. He worked alongside them in the mines, and soon became a great favourite because of his bright, winning manner. He took every opportunity of speaking to them of the subject that lay nearest to his heart—the freedom of their native land. He told them of the massacre of many nobles at Stockholm, of ladies of rank being thrown into the sea, of boys being whipped to death, and of peasants hanged for the slightest offence at the order of King Christian, the Nero of the North.

After working in the mine for some time, he was recognized. He then took service with an old college friend, Anders Persson, of Rankhytta, who sympathized with him, but was unable to help him. He sent him to Squire Arendt Persson, who, eager to win the reward offered for Gustavus Vasa’s capture, betrayed him to the Danish soldiers. Arendt’s wife suspected treachery, and let the young man down with a towel from a window in the loft to the snow-covered ground outside, where a trusty servant was waiting with a sledge to convey him to a place of safety. When Persson arrived next morning with soldiers, he found the bird flown.

On another occasion he took refuge in a hut in the forest. The Danes had so entirely encircled the district, that Gustavus seemed completely in their power. A friend, however, hid him in a load of straw, and proceeded towards Rättvik. They were surrounded by Danish soldiers, who stopped the cart and roughly thrust their sharp pikes into the straw. Gustavus was pierced in the side by a spear. The pain was great, but he endured it without a groan. Satisfied he could not be there, the soldiers rode on. Blood, however, was seen on the ground. To account for this, the driver had cut his horse’s leg close down to the hoof.

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