Yachting, Vol. 2

Produced by StevenGibbs, Christine P. Travers and the
Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net

THE BADMINTON LIBRARY
OF
SPORTS AND PASTIMES

EDITED BY
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF BEAUFORT, K.G.
ASSISTED BY ALFRED E. T. WATSON

YACHTING
II.

Old Flags

YACHTING

BY
R. T. PRITCHETT
THE MARQUIS OF DUFFERIN AND AVA, K.P.
JAMES McFERRAN
REV. G. L. BLAKE, T. B. MIDDLETON
EDWARD WALTER CASTLE AND ROBERT CASTLE
G. CHRISTOPHER DAVIES, LEWIS HERRESHOFF
THE EARL OF ONSLOW, G.C.M.G., H. HORN
SIR GEORGE LEACH, K.C.B., Vice-President Y.R.A.

Regatta.

IN TWO VOLUMES—VOL. II.

WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY R. T. PRITCHETT
AND FROM PHOTOGRAPHS

LONDON
LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.
1894

All rights reserved

CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME

  • CHAPTER PAGE
  • Royal Yachts and English Yacht Clubs
    By R. T. Pritchett, Marquis of Dufferin and Ava, K.P., James McFerran, and Rev. G. L. Blake. 1
  • Scottish Clubs
    By R. T. Pritchett and Rev. G. L. Blake. 72
  • Irish Clubs
    By R. T. Pritchett, Rev. G. L. Blake, and T. B. Middleton. 99
  • The Thames Clubs and Windermere
    By Edward Walter Castle, Robert Castle, and R. T. Pritchett. 152
  • Yachting on the Norfolk Broads
    By G. Christopher Davies. 190
  • Yachting in America
    By Lewis Herreshoff. 227
  • Yachting in New Zealand
    By the Earl of Onslow, G.C.M.G. 287
  • Foreign and Colonial Yachting
    By R. T. Pritchett and Rev. G. L. Blake. 304
  • Some Famous Races
    By R. T. Pritchett. 324
  • Racing in a 40-Rater in 1892
    By R. T. Pritchett. 332
  • Yacht Racing in 1893
    By H. Horn. 349
  • The American Yachting Season of 1893
    By Lewis Herreshoff. 400
  • The America Cup Races, 1893
    By Sir George Leach, K.C.B., Vice-President Y.R.A. 416
  • Appendix: The ‘Giralda’ 425
  • Index 427

ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE SECOND VOLUME

(Reproduced by J. D. Cooper and Messrs. Walker & Boutall)

FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS

  ARTIST TO FACE PAGE
Old Flags R. T. Pritchett Frontispiece
Her Majesty the Queen going to Scotland 6
The Royal Yacht ‘Victoria and Albert,’ 1843 8
‘Pearl,’ ‘Falcon,’ and ‘Waterwitch’ 12
‘Mystery’ winning the Cup presented by R.Y.S. to R.T.Y.C. 14
‘Corsair,’ R.Y.S., winning the Queen’s Cup at Cowes, 1892 16
Yacht Club Burgees Club Card 48
‘Irex’ From a photograph by Adamson 58
‘Yarana’ 64
‘Arrow,’ Royal Cinque Ports Yacht Club, 1876 R. T. Pritchett 68
‘Reverie’ From a photograph 70
Northern Yacht Club cruising off Garroch Head, 1825 From a painting by Hutcheson 76
Royal Northern Yacht Club, Rothesay From a photograph by Secretary 78
The Start for Ardrishaig Cup From a photograph by Adamson 84
‘Marjorie’ 86
‘May’ 88
‘Thistle’ 90
‘Lenore’ 92
‘Verve’ 94
Yacht Club Flags   104
‘Erycina’ From a photograph by Adamson 106
Royal Irish Yacht Club Cup, Kingstown, 1873 From a picture by Admiral Beechy 108
Mermaids of Dublin Bay Sailing Club   146
Start of 25-Tonners, R.T.Y.C., from Greenwich, 1848 R. T. Pritchett 170
‘Decima’ From a photograph by Symonds 176
‘Gimcrack’ R. T. Pritchett 240
Model Room of New York Yacht Club From a photograph sent by Secretary N.Y.Y.C. 242
‘Black Maria,’ sloop, beating ‘America,’ schooner, in Test Race, New York, 1850 Sent by Mr. Stevens of Hoboken, New York 244
International Race, 1886; ‘Galatea’ passing Sandy Hook Lightship Photograph sent by Lieutenant W. Henn, R.N. 258
‘Volunteer’ From a photograph sent by General Paine, N.Y.Y.C. 262
‘Valkyrie’ From a photograph by Adamson 308
‘Yseult’ 328
‘Iverna’ and ‘Meteor,’ dead heat in the Clyde, July 4, 1892 330
‘Queen Mab’ 346
‘Samœna’ 352

ILLUSTRATIONS IN TEXT

Varuna, Vendetta, and Lais (Vignette)   Title-page
Dutch Yacht. (From drawing by Vandervelde, dated 1640) R. T. Pritchett 2
‘Een Bezan Jagt,’ 1670 3
Lines of Cutter, 1781 From Stalkart’s ‘Naval Architecture’ 4
Yacht Stern, 1781 5
Cowes Castle. (From drawing by Loutherburg) R. T. Pritchett 10
Seal of Royal Yacht Club, Cowes R.Y.S. 11
‘Pearl,’ R.Y.S. R. T. Pritchett 13
‘Dolphin,’ R.Y.S. 14
‘Esmeralda,’ R.Y.S. 14
‘De Emmetje,’ Lugger 15
‘New Moon,’ R.Y.S. 16
Chart of the Royal Yacht Squadron—(Queen’s Course)   19
‘The Lady Hermione’ From working drawings lent by Marquis of Dufferin 26
‘The Lady Hermione,’ Deck Plan 28
‘The Lady Hermione,’ Fittings 30
‘Foam,’ R.V.S. ‘In High Latitudes’   38
View from the Royal Western Yacht Club, Plymouth R. T. Pritchett 40
Chart of the Royal Western Yacht Club. Plymouth Course Club Card 41
Chart of the Royal Victoria Yacht Club Course Club Card 44
International Gold Cup. Royal Victoria Yacht Club. Won by ‘Britannia’ R.V.Y. Club 45
First Race of the Mersey Yacht Club, June 16, 1845 R. T. Pritchett 47
‘Queen of the Ocean,’ R.M.Y.C., saving Emigrants from ‘Ocean Monarch’ 47
Chart of the Royal Mersey Yacht Club Courses From Club Card 48
Chart of the Royal Portsmouth Corinthian Yacht Club Courses 51
‘Madge,’ 1880—Lines and Midship Section G. L. Watson 53
‘Neptune,’ Cutter, 1875—Lines and Midship Section W. Fife 61
‘Reverie,’ 1891—Lines and Midship Section J. M. Soper 70
Northern Yacht Club Seal From Secretary R.N.Y. Club 72
Chart of the Royal Northern Yacht Club Courses Club Card 73
Royal Northern Flags From Secretary R.N.Y.C. 75
‘Gleam,’ 1834—Lines and Midship Section Fife of Fairlie 78
Chart of the Royal Clyde Yacht Club Courses From Secretary 80
‘Clara’—Midship Section W. Fife 91
Chart of the Royal Forth Yacht Club Courses Club Card 97
Yachts of Cork Water Club, 1720 R. T. Pritchett 101
Chart of the Royal Cork Yacht Club Club Card 103
Cork Water Club putting out to Sea, 1720 R. T. Pritchett 105
Chart of the Royal St. George’s Yacht Club Courses   107
Outward Bound Honourable Artists of the ‘Iris’ 125
‘Iris’—Section 127
‘Iris’—Section showing Permanent Legs 128
The Bailey, Dublin Bay 130
‘Graphic’ Artists at Work during the Gale of October 5, 1892 132
Her Majesty’s Mails 134
Storm without, Calm within 135
Kingstown, Dublin Bay 137
Ringsend, Dublin 141
Monkstown, Dublin Bay 143
Ireland’s Eye 144
‘King’s Fisher,’ 1776 R. T. Pritchett 151
Commodore Thomas Taylor, of the Cumberland Fleet, 1776 From a Family Portrait in possession of Robert Taylor, Esq. 152
‘King’s Fisher,’ 1770—Lines Original Lines 153
‘King’s Fisher,’ 1770—Midship Section 154
‘Button,’ 1776 155
First ‘Cumberland,’ 1780—Midship Section 157
First ‘Cumberland,’ 1780—Lines 158
Second Cumberland, 1790—Lines and Midship Section 160
Yacht of Cumberland Fleet, 1781 R. T. Pritchett 161
Circular of Cumberland Fleet, 1775   163
Officers’ Badge, R.T.Y.C. R. T. Pritchett 168
‘Mystery’ passing ‘Blue Belle,’ 1843 170
‘Phantom,’ R.T.Y.C., 1853 171
‘Cygnet,’ 1846 172
‘Dis,’ 1888—Lines and Midship Section J. M. Soper 176
‘Tottie,’ Royal Corinthian Yacht Club Photograph 177
Upper Thames Sailing Club and Club House, Bourne End, Bucks R. T. Pritchett 181
Upper Thames Steam Yacht ‘Cintra’ Photograph 182
‘Feeling It’ off the Ferry From a photograph by Brunskill, of Windermere 184
A Fair Start. Royal Windermere Yacht Club 185
Limit Angle of Counter Club Book 186
Smart Breeze for racing Windermere Brunskill, of Windermere 186
Chart of the Royal Windermere Yacht Club Course Club Card 187
Fair Wind round the Buoy Brunskill, of Windermere 188
Calm Weather 188
The ‘Greyhound’ R. T. Pritchett 191
The Fisher’s Home, the Broads 192
Regatta Time 196
Wroxham Pleasure Craft R. T. Pritchett 198
Wroxham Broad 200
Smooth-water Bowsprit 202
River Waveney Craft 206
‘Greyhound’—Midship Section G. C. Davies 210
‘Greyhound’—Lines of 211
‘Castanet’ R. T. Pritchett 215
Hull of the ‘Castanet’ 216
‘Mystery’ Thames Boat (‘Foreign’ Boat) 218
A Start 221
In the Gloaming 223
Birds of a Feather 225
Commodore Stevens, Founder of the New York Yacht Club Photo sent by Mr. Stevens, of Hoboken, U.S.A. 227
R.Y.S. Cup won by the ‘America,’ 1851   228
‘Trouble’—1816, Midship Section Herreshoff 237
‘Maria,’ Sloop, 1846—Midship Section 238
‘Wave,’ 1832—Midship Section 238
‘Onkahya,’ 1839—Midship Section 239
‘America,’ 1851, N.Y.Y.C. R. T. Pritchett 246
‘America’—Lines and Midship Section Hunt’s Magazine 248
‘Shadow,’ 1872 Photo, Stebbins, Boston 250
‘Shadow,’ 1872—Lines and Midship Section Herreshoff 251
Midship Section of American Yachts 253
‘Gracie’—Sail Plan 254
‘Gracie,’ 1868—Lines and Midship Section 255
‘Puritan,’ 1885, N.Y.Y.C. Photo, Gubalman, New York 260
‘Gossoon,’ Keel Boat, 1890 Photo, Stebbins, Boston 264
‘Gloriana,’ 1892 265
‘Wasp,’ 1892 267
Fin-keel and Bulb Herreshoff 268
‘Consuelo,’ Cat-yawl 269
Herreshoff Catamaran 270
Newport (Centreboard) Cat-boat 271
‘Constellation,’ 1889, N.Y.Y.C. Photo, Stebbins, Boston 274
The Ubiquitous Cat-boat R. T. Pritchett 277
Frascati and Pierhead at Havre 304
Chart of Havre Regatta Courses Club Card 305
Harbour at Havre R. T. Pritchett 306
Chart of Nice Regatta Courses Club Card 307
Lateen Yachts, Bombay Club, 1887 R. T. Pritchett 315
Chart of the Royal Bombay Yacht Club Sailing Course Bombay Card 317
Fitted Races at Bermuda, 1863 R. T. Pritchett 319
Bermuda Rig 322
Dutch Ice Boat of Present Time 323
‘Waterwitch’ v. ‘Galatea,’ 1834 Start of Race for 1,000 Guineas 325
‘Corsair’ v. ‘Talisman’ Race (1842), Running down Channel R. T. Pritchett, from a picture by Condy 326
‘Corsair’ v. ‘Talisman’ Race (1842), The Return 327
‘Corsair,’ 1832—Lines and Midship Section Michael Ratsey, of Cowes 328
‘Brilliant’ and ‘Ariel’ Race, 1830 R. T. Pritchett 329
Going Aloft 333
Diagrams showing Old and New Styles in Aft Sections of 40-Raters J. M. Soper 335
Diagrams showing recent Styles in Fore Sections of 40-Raters J. M. Soper 336
‘Irex’—Midship Section A. Richardson 337
‘Irex’—Lines Designed by Alexander Richardson 338
‘Corsair’—General Arrangements Plans A. E. Payne 339
‘Corsair’—Midship Section 340
Lashing the Emperor’s Racing Flag R. T. Pritchett 341
Our Masthead Man 341
‘All aft, my Sonnies!’ 342
‘Another Pull at the Mainsheet, my Lads!’ 342
Close Hauled 343
Real Business 344
Torquay 346
Chart of Channel racing Westward   347
A Close Finish, ‘Queen Mab’ and ‘Corsair’ R. T. Pritchett 348
‘Iverna,’ 1890 Designed by Alexander Richardson 354
‘Iverna’—Lines and Midship Section 355
Chart of the Thames, Harwich and Cinque Ports Courses F. S. Weller 357
‘Calluna’ From a Kodak photograph 361
Chart of the Royal Ulster Yacht Club, Belfast Courses From Club Card 367
Chart of the Royal Irish Yacht Club, Dublin Bay Courses 371
‘Navahoe,’ N.Y.Y.C. From a Kodak 372
Chart of the Royal Southampton Yacht Club, Warner and Lymington Course Club Card 379
Chart of the Royal Albert Yacht Club, Southsea Course 381
Chart of the Torbay Regatta Course 383
‘Satanita’ From a Kodak 385
Chart of the Start Bay Yacht Club, Dartmouth, Course Club Card 387
Chart of the Royal Dart Yacht Club, Kingswear, Courses 389
‘Dragon III.’ From a Kodak 398
Chart of the New York Yacht Club. Regatta Course N.Y.Y. Club Sec. 405
‘Vigilant,’ Cup Defender From a photograph by Stebbins, Boston, Mass. 406
‘Valkyrie’ Adamson, of Rothesay 408

CHAPTER I
ROYAL YACHTS AND ENGLISH YACHT CLUBS

ROYAL YACHTS
By R. T. Pritchett

The innate love of the English for everything connected with seafaring, roving and adventure, burst prominently forth in the time of Queen Elizabeth, when Drake and Raleigh showed what could be done in small craft in ‘ocean cruising,’ and, with early Corinthian crews from Devon and the brave West, sallied forth and straightway laid the foundation of our navy, and our present numerous fleet of yachts. In 1604 an early designer, one Phineas Pett, built a yacht for Henry of Wales; and to him the Navy was much indebted for general improvement in line and build throughout the early part of the Stuart dynasty.

At the Restoration we begin in earnest the History of Yachting, and find King Charles II. taking most enthusiastically to yacht building and even racing. That mine of wealth for the details of every-day life, that minute recorder of modes and fashions, Samuel Pepys, Esq., F.R.S., Secretary to the Admiralty, first brings to our notice the aquatic taste of His Majesty. In his delightful ‘Diary’ we find:—

July 15, 1660.—Found the King gone this morning by 5 of the clock to see a Dutch pleasure boat below bridge, where he dines and my Lord with him.

In a further notice we find His Majesty winning the first yacht race in the Thames, over the course of the R.T.Y. Club, Greenwich to Gravesend and back—a wager of one hundred guineas.