The History of the American Expedition Fighting the Bolsheviki / Campaigning in North Russia 1918-1919

Produced by Don Kostuch

[Transcriber’s Notes]

Here are the definitions of several unfamiliar (to me) words.

  Soldier assigned to an officer as a servant.

  Village priest.


  Second-rate medical student or anyone with some medical knowledge.

hors de combat
  Out of the fight; disabled; not able to fight.

  Aristocratic Prussian landholder devoted to militarism and
  authoritarianism, providing the German military forces with many of
  its officers.

  Whip with a lash of leather thongs, formerly used in Russia for
  flogging criminals. To flog with the knout.

mashie nib
  Mashie-Niblick (mah-she nib-lik)–Wood shafted golf club with about
  the same loft and length as today’s seven iron.

  French common soldier, especially in World War I.

  Russian measure of distance; 3500 feet, 0.6629 mile, 1.067 km.

  Choice or delicate food.

  Glide in an airplane without power.

I (Don Kostuch) am the son of John Kostuch, then from Detroit,  who was
a Mechanic in the 339th, Company M.  He saw some action in the fall of
1918 but due to flu, exposure and a dislocated joint, was evacuated to
England on December 1, 1918 before the gruesome winter described in the
book. {sources: “M” Company 339th records and Golden C. Bahr papers,

Fort Snelling, Minnesota

The following text is copied from a newspaper clipping in the book. The
Declaration of War is on one side and an incomplete local news item is
on the other side.

From The Indianapolis News, Monday, April 9, 1917

U. S. Declaration of War

Sixty-fifth Congress of the United States of America
At the First Session
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Monday, the second day of
April, one thousand nine hundred and seventeen


Declaring that a state of war exists between the Imperial German
Government and the Government of the people of the United States and
making provision to the same.

Whereas the Imperial German Government has committed repeated acts of
war against the Government and the people of the United States of
America, Therefore be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States

of America in Congress assembled, That the state of war between the
United States and the Imperial German Government which has thus been
thrust upon the United States is hereby formally declared; and that the
President be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to employ the
entire naval and military forces of the United States and the resources
of the Government to carry on war against the Imperial German
Government; and to bring the conflict to a successful termination all of
the resources of the country are hereby pledged by the Congress of the
United States.

Speaker of the House of Representatives

Thomas R. Marshall
Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate

Approved 6 April, 1917

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