by J. S. Zerbe
Scanned by Charles Keller with OmniPage Professional OCR software
This work is not intended to set forth the exploits of aviators
nor to give a history of the Art. It is a book of instructions
intended to point out the theories of flying, as given by the
pioneers, the practical application of power to the various
flying structures; how they are built, the different methods of
controlling them; the advantages and disadvantages of the types
now in use; and suggestions as to the directions in which
improvements are required.
It distinctly points out wherein mechanical flight differs
from bird flight, and what are the relations of shape, form, size
and weight. It treats of kites, gliders and model aeroplanes,
and has an Interesting chapter on the aeroplane and its uses In
the great war. All the illustrations have been specially prepared
for the work.
Every Boy’s Mechanical Library
J. S. ZERBE, M. E.
Author of Automobiles—Motors
COPYRIGHT, 1915, BY
CUPPLES & LEON COMPANY
CHAPTER I. THEORIES AND FACTS ABOUT FLYING
The “Science” of Aviation. Machine Types. Shape
or Form not Essential. A Stone as a Flying Machine.
Power the Great Element. Gravity as Power. Mass
and Element in Flying. Momentum a Factor. Resistance.
How Resistance Affects Shape. Mass and Resistance.
The Early Tendency to Eliminate Momentum.
Light Machines Unstable. The Application of
Power. The Supporting Surfaces. Area not the Essential
Thing. The Law of Gravity. Gravity. Indestructibility
of Gravitation. Distance Reduces Gravitational
Pull. How Motion Antagonizes Gravity. A
Tangent. Tangential Motion Represents Centrifugal
Pull. Equalizing the Two Motions. Lift and Drift.
Normal Pressure. Head Resistance. Measuring Lift
and Drift. Pressure at Different Angles. Difference
Between Lift and Drift in Motion. Tables of Lift and
Drift. Why Tables of Lift and Drift are Wrong.
Langley’s Law. Moving Planes vs. Winds. Momentum